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原来“the”是这么用的,你get 到了吗?

时间:2018-07-04 来源:U-SMART 关注度:

 

1.in red VS. in the red

 

The girl in red is my girlfriend.

那个身穿红衣服的姑娘是我的女朋友。

(in black-穿黑衣;in pink-穿粉衣)

 

The printing company was in the red .

这家印刷公司出现了赤字。

 

2.by hand VS. by the hand

 People here still make clothes by hand.

这里的人们依然手工制衣。

 

 I took my sister by the hand.

我拉着姐姐的手。

 

3.by sea VS. by the sea

Most exports went by sea.

大部分出口货物走海运。

 

 We bought a small cottage by the sea.

我们买了一栋靠海的小屋。

 

4.in person VS. in the person

你必须亲自参加这个会议。

You must attend this meeting in person.

 

他替我哥哥来帮忙了,还带了啤酒和吃的。

The help arrived in the person of my brother, who brought beer and food.

 

5.in (the) front of

词组in the front of和in front of都有“在……前面”的意思,但含义不同。in the front of表示“在……(范围内的)前面”;而in front of表示“在……(范围外的)前面”。如:

 

He likes to sit in the front of the classroom.

他喜欢坐在教室的前排。

 

There is a pond in front of the house.

房屋前面有个池塘。

 

 

 

6.at (the) table

At table意为“吃饭;进餐”;at the table意为“在桌边”。如:

 

He seldom talks at table.

他吃饭时很少说话。

 

We sat at the table,talking.

我们坐在桌边交谈。

 

7.go to (the) school

Go to school意为“开始求学;到校上课”;go to the school意为“去学校(但不一定是上学)。”如:

 

He usually goes to school by bike.

他通常骑自行车到校上课。

 

His mother often goes to the school to see him.

他的妈妈经常去学校看他。

 

8.in(the)charge of

In charge of(=take charge of),意为“主管;看管;在……看管之下”,主语是人;in the charge of意为“负责管理;负责照料”,主语是事物。如:

 

Miss Wang was in charge of our class.

王老师负责管理我们班级。

 

Our class was in the charge of Miss Wang.

我们班级由王老师负责管理。

 

9.at (the) sight

At sight意为“一看见就”,一般放在句末;at the sight of意为“在看到……时”,可放在句首或句末。如:

He plays music at sight.

他即时看谱演奏。

 

At the sight of the police officers the thief ran off.

小偷一看见警察就跑了。

 

 

 

10.go to (the) sea

Go to sea意为“出海,当水手(=become a sailor)”;go to the sea意为“去海边”。如:

 

When he was a boy,his greatest wish was to go to sea.

他小时候最大的愿望就是去当水手。

 

He went to the sea for a holiday.

他去海边度假了。

 

11.in (the) case of

In case of意为“假使;如果;万一”;in the case of意为“就……来说”。如:

 

In case of fire,ring the alarm.

如有火灾,按火警铃。

 

In the case of a physical change, no new substance is formed.

就物理变化来说,没有新的物质产生。

 

12.out of (the) question

Out of question意为“毫无疑问”;out of the question意为“不可能的;办不到的;不必谈的”。如:

 

The victory is out of question.

胜利是毫无疑问的。

 

His coming is out of the question.

他不可能来。

 

13.(the) last week

Last week(month…)指现在讲话时以前的那个星期(月……);the last week(month…)指到今天为止的以前的一个星期(月……)里。如:

 

I had a cold last week.

我上星期感冒了。

 

I have had a cold for the last week.

我感冒了一个星期。